Xi Peng John Metz

Peng2

Xi Peng

John Metz

Argumentative ProseWriting

3/10

Fracking

Introductionand Claim

Fracking is a process where large amounts of water, sand andchemicals are injected into the deep underground rocks with an aim ofretrieving oil and natural gas essential in the world today (Oldham114). Fracking commonly referred to as hydraulicfracturing makes use of hydraulic machines and techniques to extractthe oil and natural gas from underground. Fracking has a number ofnegative consequences that are harmful to the general environment.Some of the common consequences include air pollution, waterpollution, earthquakes, which are harmful. Greenhouse effect is oneof the detrimental climatic effects of fracking. The fracking processcan also cause leakage of methane and other harmful gases that arevery harmful to both plants and animals. Fracking is harmful andshould be stopped.

Background

According to studies, Hydraulic fracturing has changed the energyoutlook of various countries in terms of gas and oil availability.Some scientists from Stanford University conducted studiesinvestigating the effects of fracking and they found out thatfracking causes harmful impacts to the environment. People livingnear the fracking sites are more susceptible to toxic gases andsubstances as compared to those individuals living far away from thefracking sites. Water and air pollution is yet another effect offracking. A recent research showed that 10 to 40 percent of thechemical mixture injected deep into the ground during the process offracking flows back to the surface.According to studies carried outby Duke University, the chemical mixture injected deep into theground during the fracking process contaminates both ground andunderground water thus rendering the water unfit for human and animalconsumption.

Body

Supportingviews

Fracking has harmful effects on the surrounding ecosystem.Earthquakes resulting from hydraulic fracturing weakens the earth’scrust and results in collapsing of buildings. Collapsing of buildingscan cause loss of life and loss of important valuables in terms ofwealth and property. Fresh water contamination by fracking processcauses diseases, suffering and death to human beings. Water itself ismore valuable than oil. When hydraulic oil is pumped through thecracks of fracking in the ground, some of that fluid escapes andlater floats on water. Fluid in the water is impossible to remove andtherefore when consumed by human beings, it kills both the humanbeings and animals (McBroom294).Prominentpeople and politicians own many hydraulic firms and in manyinstances they neglect those laws and at times bribe the governmentofficials. This in return affects the innocent families living nearthe fracking sites. Some of the fracking effects are not immediate orshort term. Many of the effects are long terms and they are notnecessarily experienced in the earlier days but they later on emanatefrom the hydraulic fracturing firms.

OpposingViews

The proponents of fracking argue that fracking has existed for manyyears without causing harm to people if done correctly. People haveused fracking to extract oil out of the ground since 19thcentury. The supporters of fracking disapproves people who standsagainst it by claiming that they have no substantial proof to showthe negative impacts of fracking. Some researchers claim that thechemicals used in the fracking process fill into the newly createdfissures to the extent of introducing the harmful chemicals intoground waters. Some theorists opine that fracking allows harmfulgases escape in the atmosphere, which pollutes the environment.However, there are no reliable proofs to support such arguments. Theuse of safety fracking measures makes the process harmless hence,the personnel being involved in the entire fracking process shouldadhere to safety measures and regulations.

Rebuttal

Fracking activities may cause serious harm to the environment. Peopleshould understand the harm of fracking activities to the environment.The continuation of fracking increases the vulnerability of people tohealth risks, which may increase the mortality rate (Lane78). The leaking of chemicals to the environmentcontaminates the ground water used by the people who live near thefracking industries. A moral dilemma is common in such activitiesbecause consuming contaminated water by the earlier on mentionedfracking activities, increases health risks to the society. Thecommunity may spend much costs seeking for medical consultations,which may not offer effective solution to such health problems.People can invest such funds in productive activities.

Conclusion

Fracking has many negative effects as compared to the positiveeffects. Hydraulic fracking causes water pollution, which furtherproceeds to affect human beings and animals thus causing death anddiseases. Fracking processcauses toxic and harmful gases to theenvironment and later leads to Greenhouse effect. Air pollution iscommon to those living near fracking sites. Continued drilling by thefracking firms cause earthquakes that leads to destruction ofproperties and loss of life. Strict measures and regulations by thegovernment of the involved countries should restrict fracking firmsfrom undertaking certain works that may cause the negative effects toboth the environment and human beings.

Workscited

Lane,C A.&nbspOnFracking., 2013. Print.

McBroom,Matthew.&nbspEffectsof Induced Hydraulic Fracturing on the Environment: Commercial Demands Vs: Water.Oakville, ON: Apple Academic Press, 2013. Print.

Oldham,Carolyn.&nbspEngineersEngaging Community: Water and Energy.San Rafael, Calif. (1537 Fourth Street, San Rafael, CA 94901 USA:Morgan &amp Claypool, 2013. Print.