Xing Shi ENGL1202

Shi 2

XingShi

ENGL1202

ProfessorGreg

02/08/2015

Influenceof space

Theinteractions between people and space

Spaceis what shapes our personality and in return, we all affect space ina certain way. In the story of “ThePuraPrincipal”and “ACheater’s guide to love”the life experiences of Yunior are described which gives us anexample of how personality and space can interact with each other.People affect space by transforming it into their spaces and inreturn the space limits their freedom and behavior to a certaindegree. The following essay will show the interaction between spaceand place according to Henri Lefebvre and Gaston Bachelard using thelife experiences of Yunior and his family from the two storiesmentioned above.

Thespace is what shapes our personalities and in return we affect spacesomehow.The story “Pura’sprincipal” and “Cheater’sguide to love” describe part ofYunior’s life experiences which clearly give us an absolutelyterrific example ofhow space andpersonality interact with each other. The way how we affect space iswe transform space into our places, and in return, the space limitdedour freedom and behaviors to a certain degree.

Accordingto the scholar Henry Lefebvre the term space can be defined as asocial morphology which represents the restaurants, gym and any otherplace where people can interact socially (Lefebvre, 2005). Spaceoccurs only in places where living beings exists since it is sociallystructured. Space can be influenced by changes in behavior that showprofessionalism in relations creates a distance in the connection ofsentiments for the home of personal life. Gaston Balechard on theother hand describes space using things that are related to place.According to him, space tells the details of how the emotions ofhumans are psychologically attached. He adds that both place andspace are interconnected as they are related to the society and bothof them are influenced by locations, social life and professionallife. A place that is outside the social boundaries can berepresented in the form of a physical place. Both of the above ideasare revealed below in the study of the two fictional stories below.

Thescholar Henry Lefebvre describes the term “space” in his ownexpressive way. According to him, space is the social morphologywhich represents the gym, office restaurant or any other place wherepeople socially interact with. (Henri Lefebvre,2005)It occurs onlywhere the living beings exist because it is socially structured. Thisinfluenced by the change in the behavior that shows professionalismin relations and makes the distance in the connection of sentimentsfor the home or personal life. Whereas Gaston Bachelard describes the“space” through things related with “place”. It tells itsdetails that how the emotions of humans are attached with someonethrough psychology. It clears that through memories how can weintimate the locations and connect with any event that is thepart of the past. The both space and the place are interconnectedwith each other as they are related with the society and influencedby the locations, social life, professional life with the impact ofthe environment may consist of political affairs. Place that isoutside the structure of the social boundaries and represents in theform of physical place. Both of them are revealing below in thisstudy by considering the examples as a part of the fiction. Examplesare not real but though they clear the above statements afteranalyzing them in a proper way.

Oneof the examples is “A Cheater’s Guide to Love” a story aboutYunior who was left by his fiancée after a six year relationship.Yunior’s fiancée left him after she found out about hisinfidelity. Yunior had a number of relationships with other women andhis love could not bear this news so she decided to end theirrelationship. After several years have passed, Yunior recalls all thegood times he had with his girlfriend and wants her back in his life.He goes as far as being in depression because he cannot afford tolose the woman he loves. This story is suitable to study the theoryof space since there is an interaction between Yunior, his fiancéeand the other girls. The story reveals both social and environmentalinteraction between the involved parties.

Anexample in “Cheater’s Guide to love” is regardingYunior’s fiancée who left him after keeping a relationship withhim for six years. The reason why she left him is because she foundout all the cheating things he has done upon her. He has kept hisrelationships with other girls and when this matter came in front ofher she refused to continue further with him. She left him and asthe year-by-year s passes away, he recalls his old memories as thegolden days of their relationship. He wanted her to come back in hislife. Later on he went into the depression because he could notafford losing her.

Accordingto Gaston Bachelard, memories are motionless and they fill aparticular space (Bachelard, 1996). In order to retrieve thesituation, Yunior takes his fiancée to the beach where they filmed‘piano’ and walked along the beach like his fiancée had alwayswanted to do. By taking her to this place, he wanted her to get backthe memories of the times they had in the six years they were in arelationship. He wanted her to go back to him after these memoriesbut things did not go as he had expected. This beach instead ofbecoming the space where they patch things up, it became the spacewhere they totally end their relationship. For this reason, Yunior isnot able to have a good time with his friends when they visit thebeach again since it is not the same for him. Instead of having funand drinking like most of his friends, he spent his time floating onhis back on the ocean because he was emotionally attached to thisbeach. According to Gaston, the more securely memories are fixed in aspace, the more sound they are. Although, the feelings of Yunior havebeen fixed to this place, he is no longer in a relationship with hisfiancée and therefore he considers this a beach of break-up.

Thestory of “The Pura Principle” can also be used to depict thetheory of space. From this story, we see that Rafa who is the bigbrother of Yunior keeps on changing girls until he was able to meetPura. Throughout this story, there are rare mentions of a fatherlyfigure in the family. The responsibility of taking care of the familyhas been left to Mami. This family can be described as a space withlack of social responsibility. Rafa, who is supposed to be the bigbrother in the family, was a bad example to Yunior instead of actingas the head of the family. Rafa never taught Yunior the right way tobehave as he is expected to. Yunior was therefore influenced bysocial impact and lost control over his mind. This has made him losethe ability to know what is right and what is wrong. However, Yuniorshowed some sense of responsibility when he checked on Rafa from timeto time after he had abandoned him and Mami. From the story, we seethat he got himself ‘right out of bed’ when he received a phonecall about his brother’s discomfort at work. This shows that hecared.

Thisfamily therefore lacks the role of a man. According to Lefebvre, 2005a space is a social morphology therefore the family can be considereda type of space. Lefebvre adds that a space is bound up by functionand structure and that a certain social space defines how a personmust behave. For this reason, we can say that the family of Yuniorand Rafa is a social space but it lacks responsibility. Rafa isexpected to act as the head of this family and be a good example tohis younger brother Yunior but he fails to do so. However since thisresponsibility must be taken on by someone, Mami chooses to take careof the family. Lefebvre adds that a social space is sociallyconstructed and therefore there is a certain social behavior that isacceptable in a certain space. In the case of the family of Rafa andYunior, their personalities and the space interact with each other.From this interaction we are able to see that Yunior is moreresponsible than his big brother Rafa.

Itis clearly that the above example is perfectly suitable in the theoryof the “space”. It is the environment and social interactionsthat Yunior has kept an extra affair with the other girls. Recallingthe fiction “Pura’s principle” we read previously,Yunior’s big brother Rafa kept dumping girls until he met Pura. Andthroughout the whole story, there were rarely metions of his father.Mami was the one who took care of the whole family. This family is aspace which lack of social responsibility. It lacks of the role of aman. The big brother Rafa who supposed to act as a model for Yunior,was actually did nothing but a negative example. The family, which weconsidered as space, “is a social morphology”, ( Henri Lefebvre,2005) never told Yunior what and how to behave.Women always expecttrust and faithfulness from men but those expectations could not metby Yunior just because of the single reason that he has surrenderedhimself in front of the family and social impact,thus he has lost hisall over control on his mind to make differentiate in between theright andthe wrong. But when Yunior was still a kid, he used his ownway to change his family sphere somehow. One example in Pura’sprinciple is that even Rafa left home and abandoned Yunior andMami, Yunior on the other hand still checked onRafa frequently. He got himself “right out of bed” when receivedthe phone call about his brother’s discomfort at work. He is theone who care about both his brother and mom in the story even thoughhe did not have “privilege” at this home. He defended Mami whenRafa said bad words disrespectfully in front of her. From my point ofview Yunior is who makes a family more like his family. In otherwords, he is who affect the space.The above examples clearlystate that the space and personality are interrelated with eachother.

Asper Gaston, on the other hand, states that “memories aremotionless” and they fill the space”. (Gaston&nbspBachelard,1994).In order to retrieve the situation, Yunior brought hiser fiancée tothe beach where they filmed “piano” and they walked along thebeach which his fiancée always wanted to do. He wanted this placeto recall her old memories and those days they both spent togetherfor six years, which many let her want to come back. But the trickdid not work. According to Gaston, the beach instead of being “his”beach which they patched up, turned out to be “his” beach theytotally broke up. And that is the reason why the next time Yunior andhis friends went to DR, when others having good time drinking, hespent most of his time alone, floating on his back in the ocean. “Themore securely memories fixed in space, the sounder they are”(GastonBachelard,1996 ).The beach is the place he found himself emotionallyattached with her fiancée howevershe does not exist infront of him.The beach would never be anormal beach for him because it was his beach of “break-up”.

Spaceand the personalities of people are not independent of one another.It’s evident to me that space is an abstract idea, a mere form ofword. People transform space into place by giving it certainmeanings. The spaces we understand and construct regulate ourbehaviours and how it varies with the other individuals. Thoughdifferent perceptions may occur among people, living experiences makethe emotion produce resonance in mankind. A monument is alwayserected to the memory of a great event or a person. This monument“retains our memories while leaving them their original value asimages.” (Bachelard, 1996) Therefore, the place becomes theparticular space for affectionate satisfactions and outdooractivities. Space is endued with meaning by every individual’smemory.

Whilewe transform a space into a certain place, we are impacted by thisspace at the same time. For example, by moving in someone’spersonal assets, a place can be called home. In other words, anindividual creates private sphere or home in which he or she enjoys acertain degree of authority. However, role changing will occur whenpeople get out of this home sphere into to the public. One may nolonger enjoy that certain authority because they have to take ordersfrom others. Although social sphere is at first formed by individualsthe social space “permits fresh actions to occur, while suggestingothers and prohibiting yet others,”(Lefebvre, 2005). Most of thetime, people are told how to behave. Socialspace is formed by an aggregation of people, and a collection ofhuman mutual relations. Human activities exercise a crucial influenceover social interrelationship, which in return, social space affectseveryone’s living condition constantly. For an individual, societyis his or her living environment which has a great impact on not onlypersonal survival but development. However once the uniquepersonality is formed, in other words, one becomes the center oftheir own space then this personal aspect will play a leading role.As far as I am concerned, personal behavior embodies differentcharacteristics in the social space factor. And the development ofthe society also depends on human efforts. Human activities createthe social space and promote the improvement of the society.

Inconclusion, peopleand space are not independent of one another. In other words, theirinteractions take place via human activities. Space changes itsmeaning and functions as time goes by meanwhile we are potentiallyimpacted by space.

Spaceand the personalities of people are not independent of one another.It’s evident to me that space is an abstract idea, a mere form ofword. People transform space into place by giving certain meanings.The space we understand and construct, the space regulate ourbehavior, varies with the individuals.Though different perceives mayoccur among people, living experiences make the emotion produceresonance in the mankind. A monument will be erected to the memory ofgreat event or person. It makes no sense that we still call that astone but instead we describe it as monument. This monument “retainsour memories while leaving them their original value as images.”(Gaston Bachelard, 1996) Therefore, the upland garden becomes theparticular space for affectionate satisfactions and outdooractivities. Civic public space become an important place whichprovides places for associations. Space is endued with meaning byindividual’s memory.

Whilewe transform space into certain place, we are potential impacted byspace at the same time. By moving in someone’s personal assets, theplace can be called home. In other words, an individual createsprivate sphere or home sphere in which he or she enjoys a certaindegree of authority. However, role change will occur when people goout of this home sphere and come to publics. One may no longer enjoythat certain authority but taking orders from others. Although socialsphere is at first formed by individuals, yet social space “permitsfresh actions to occur, while suggesting others and prohibiting yetothers,”( Henri Lefebvre, 2005)for most of the time, people arethe ones to be told what and how to behave. Socialspace is formed by an aggregation of people, and a collection ofhuman mutual relations. Human activities exercise a crucial influenceover social interrelationship, which in return, social space affectseveryone’s living condition constantly. For an individual, societyis his or her living environment which has a great impact on not onlypersonal survival but development. However once the uniquepersonality is formed, in other word, the one become the center ofone’s own space,thenthis personal aspect will play a leading role.As far as I concern, personal behavior embodies differentcharacteristic in social space factor. And the development ofsociety, also depends on human efforts. Human activities create thesocial space and promote the improvement of society.

Overall,peopleand space are not independent of one another. In other words,theirinteractionstake place via human activities. Space is changingits meaning and function as time goes by meanwhile we are potentialimpacted by space.

WorkCited

Bachelard,Gaston.&nbspThePoetics of Space.Boston: Beacon, 1996. Print.

Lefebvre,Henri.&nbspTheProduction of Space.Oxford: Blackwell, 2005. Print.

Diaz,Junot. ACheater’s Guide to Love. TheNew Yorker, 2012.

Diaz,Junot. ThePura Principle. TheNew Yorker, 2010.