Youngchildrenin underdevelopedcountrieswith limitedornopublicschoolsystem
Researchquestion:howcan the stakeholders in thedeveloping countrieschannelchild laborinto theformaleducationsystemin an effectiveway?
Child labor results from a lack of effective labor standards by increasing legislations and enhancing international compliance (Baradaran 3).
Poverty is positively associated with child labor and can only be addressed by improving economic development in the developing countries (Miller 103).
Child labor is caused by transitory income shocks and can be addressed by increasing the asset holdings (Beegle 81).
Child labor can be attributed to the lack of international labor standards (Palley 10).
Child labor is associated with globalization, where it increases with the increase in per capita GDP (Dagdemir 44).
Child labor is caused by a wide range of factors, which include poverty, poor education system, HIV / AIDS, and gender inequality (Rena 1).
Baradaran,S. andBarclay, S. “Fair tradeandchildlabor”.ColumbiaHuman Rights Law Review43.1 (2011): 2-63.
BaradaranandBarclay arguethattheissueof childlaboramong theschool-agechildrencan be containedby enhancinginternationalcompliancewith laborstandards,tradesanctions,andincreasedlegislations.Thearticleis peer-reviewed andaddressesviable solutions(including the establishment of internal standards that will regulatethe labor market) to theissueof childlabor,which makesita reliablesource.
Beegle,K., Dehejia, H., Gatti, R. “Child laborandagriculturalshock”.Journalof Development Economics81 (2006): 80-96.
Theauthorsarguethatchildlaboris causedby transitoryincomeshocks,buttheseshockscan be addressedby increasingtheasset holdings of theaffectedhouseholds.Theauthorsconducteda panelsurveythat providedempiricalevidenceabout theexistenceof therelationshipbetween childlaborandtransitoryincomeshocks,which makesthearticlea reliablesource.
Dagdemir,O. andAcaroglu,H. “The effectsof globalization on childlaborin developingcountries”.BusinessandEconomic Horizons2.2 (2010): 37-47.
DagdemirandAcarogluholdthatchildlaboriscausedby globalization, wherebychildlaboris highestindevelopingnations,especially those that have aper capita GDPof 7,500 andabove.Thisis a peerreviewedarticlethat establishedtherelationshipbetween theconceptof globalization andchildlabor,makingita reliablesource.
Miller,E. “Child laborandprotectingyoungworkersaround theworld”.International Journalof Occupational andEnvironmental Health16 (2010): 103-112.
Millerholdsthatpovertyis theprimarycauseof childlabor,implyingthataddressing pervert is themostviable solution.Theauthorsupportstheargumentusingempiricalevidenceprovidedby credibleorganizations(suchas theInternal Labor Organization), which makesthearticlea reliablesource.
Palley,I. “The childlaborproblemandtheneedforinternationallaborstandards”.Journalof Economic Issues36.3 (2002): 1-15.
Palleyarguesthattheissueof childlaborhas beengettingworsedue to lackof effectiveinternationallaborstandards.Palley supportstheargumentusingempiricalevidencethatsupports the relationship between the lack of effective laborstandards and child labor.
Rena,R. “The childlaborin developingcountries:A challengetothe millenniumdevelopmentgoals”.IndustrialJournal of Management andSocial Science3.1 (2009): 1-11.
Renaarguesthatpovertyandchildlaborarepositivelyassociated.Thisis a usefulsourcethat establishestheassociationbetween a reductionin childlaborandseveralfactors,includingeducationforall,povertyeradication,combatingHIV / AIDs, enhancinggenderequality,andglobal partnership.
Baradaran,S. and Barclay, S. “Fair trade and child labor”. ColumbiaHuman Rights Law Review43.1 (2011): 2-63.
Beegle,K., Dehejia, H., Gatti, R. “Child labor and agricultural shock”.Journalof Development Economics81 (2006): 80-96.
Dagdemir,O. and Acaroglu, H. “The effects of globalization on child labor indeveloping countries”. Businessand Economic Horizons2.2 (2010): 37-47.
Miller,E. “Child labor and protecting young workers around the world”.International Journalof Occupational and Environmental Health16 (2010): 103-112.
Palley,I. “The child labor problem and the need for international laborstandards”. Journalof Economics Issues36.3 (2002): 1-15.
Rena,R. “The child labor in developing countries: A challenge tomillennium development goals”. IndustrialJournal of Management and Social Science3.1 (2009): 1-11.