Young children in underdeveloped countries with limited or no public

Name 4

Youngchildrenin underdevelopedcountrieswith limitedornopublicschoolsystem

Researchquestion:howcan the stakeholders in thedeveloping countrieschannelchild laborinto theformaleducationsystemin an effectiveway?

Listof perspectives

  • Child labor results from a lack of effective labor standards by increasing legislations and enhancing international compliance (Baradaran 3).

  • Poverty is positively associated with child labor and can only be addressed by improving economic development in the developing countries (Miller 103).

  • Child labor is caused by transitory income shocks and can be addressed by increasing the asset holdings (Beegle 81).

  • Child labor can be attributed to the lack of international labor standards (Palley 10).

  • Child labor is associated with globalization, where it increases with the increase in per capita GDP (Dagdemir 44).

  • Child labor is caused by a wide range of factors, which include poverty, poor education system, HIV / AIDS, and gender inequality (Rena 1).

Annotatedbibliography

Baradaran,S. andBarclay, S. “Fair tradeandchildlabor”.ColumbiaHuman Rights Law Review43.1 (2011): 2-63.

BaradaranandBarclay arguethattheissueof childlaboramong theschool-agechildrencan be containedby enhancinginternationalcompliancewith laborstandards,tradesanctions,andincreasedlegislations.Thearticleis peer-reviewed andaddressesviable solutions(including the establishment of internal standards that will regulatethe labor market) to theissueof childlabor,which makesita reliablesource.

Beegle,K., Dehejia, H., Gatti, R. “Child laborandagriculturalshock”.Journalof Development Economics81 (2006): 80-96.

Theauthorsarguethatchildlaboris causedby transitoryincomeshocks,buttheseshockscan be addressedby increasingtheasset holdings of theaffectedhouseholds.Theauthorsconducteda panelsurveythat providedempiricalevidenceabout theexistenceof therelationshipbetween childlaborandtransitoryincomeshocks,which makesthearticlea reliablesource.

Dagdemir,O. andAcaroglu,H. “The effectsof globalization on childlaborin developingcountries”.BusinessandEconomic Horizons2.2 (2010): 37-47.

DagdemirandAcarogluholdthatchildlaboriscausedby globalization, wherebychildlaboris highestindevelopingnations,especially those that have aper capita GDPof 7,500 andabove.Thisis a peerreviewedarticlethat establishedtherelationshipbetween theconceptof globalization andchildlabor,makingita reliablesource.

Miller,E. “Child laborandprotectingyoungworkersaround theworld”.International Journalof Occupational andEnvironmental Health16 (2010): 103-112.

Millerholdsthatpovertyis theprimarycauseof childlabor,implyingthataddressing pervert is themostviable solution.Theauthorsupportstheargumentusingempiricalevidenceprovidedby credibleorganizations(suchas theInternal Labor Organization), which makesthearticlea reliablesource.

Palley,I. “The childlaborproblemandtheneedforinternationallaborstandards”.Journalof Economic Issues36.3 (2002): 1-15.

Palleyarguesthattheissueof childlaborhas beengettingworsedue to lackof effectiveinternationallaborstandards.Palley supportstheargumentusingempiricalevidencethatsupports the relationship between the lack of effective laborstandards and child labor.

Rena,R. “The childlaborin developingcountries:A challengetothe millenniumdevelopmentgoals”.IndustrialJournal of Management andSocial Science3.1 (2009): 1-11.

Renaarguesthatpovertyandchildlaborarepositivelyassociated.Thisis a usefulsourcethat establishestheassociationbetween a reductionin childlaborandseveralfactors,includingeducationforall,povertyeradication,combatingHIV / AIDs, enhancinggenderequality,andglobal partnership.

Workscited

Baradaran,S. and Barclay, S. “Fair trade and child labor”. ColumbiaHuman Rights Law Review43.1 (2011): 2-63.

Beegle,K., Dehejia, H., Gatti, R. “Child labor and agricultural shock”.Journalof Development Economics81 (2006): 80-96.

Dagdemir,O. and Acaroglu, H. “The effects of globalization on child labor indeveloping countries”. Businessand Economic Horizons2.2 (2010): 37-47.

Miller,E. “Child labor and protecting young workers around the world”.International Journalof Occupational and Environmental Health16 (2010): 103-112.

Palley,I. “The child labor problem and the need for international laborstandards”. Journalof Economics Issues36.3 (2002): 1-15.

Rena,R. “The child labor in developing countries: A challenge tomillennium development goals”. IndustrialJournal of Management and Social Science3.1 (2009): 1-11.